Few people know how companies get started and with FLOS, it
all started with the “cocoon”, an important piece of FLOS history that
can actually be traced back to the United States.
The story actually begins in 1959, three years prior to the actual establishment of FLOS, when Arturo Eisenkeil, an importer/inventor/producer from Merano, got his hands on a new spray-on plastic coating material called the “cocoon” and started looking for ways to utilize it commercially, including what became cocoon lighting.
Achille and Pier Giacomo Castiglioni Conceived the Idea of Applying Cocoon to Lighting Design
According to designer and architect Stefano Casciani, Eisenkeil found
a strong ally and supporter in Dino Gavina, another investor who was
determined to make Italy the new center of interior design culture.
Having successfully worked on producing new furniture with
Achille and Pier Giacomo Castiglioni (above right) and Carlo and Tobia Scarpa, the next logical step in his opinion was to work on new designs for lamps.
Eisinkeil provided the jumping board by suggesting the material be applied onto a metal frame to create lighting fixtures. As Casciani explains, the aim was “to give a sense of magic to the light it emanated” which shined through the cloud-like material, than creating a new decoration for a light bulb.
The actual production of these “cocoon” lamps at FLOS begins with the creation of the frame made in steel, which is painted in white. Once the frame is ready, the “cocoon”, which is a type of polymer, is ready to be applied.
Two layers are applied, the first thicker, the second much thinner.
The technician utilizes a spray gun-type of device as the frame twirls
on a base that spins, allowing for equal application. Once this is done,
the technician would inspect for any unevenness or areas that look
thin in terms of the application, applying further coating of the
“cocoon” to reinforce those areas. There is usually up to twenty-four
hours between the two applications. After the two layers are applied, a
coating material, a transparent exterior paint, is applied to add
a sheen to the entire structure.
FLOS : Cocoon from FLOS USA on Vimeo.
The resulting skin is very similar to a real “cocoon” made by a silk work, hence the naming. In fact, Friedel Wauer who is credited for devising the technology of spraying the material onto steel frames, was inspired by the “self-wrapping” of a silkworm.
Lighting Made from Cocoon is an Ideal Piece of Lighting that Requires Minimal Maintenance
The "cocoon" material is an extremely strong, and flexible material,
almost impossible to tear without a sharp knife or razor. It is also
not flammable, simply melting when exposed to fire and can be cleaned
very easily, requiring very little maintenance, making it an ideal piece
of lighting to decorate any space with.
The first "cocoon" lamps – Taraxacum, Viscontea, Gatto, and Fantasma – were introduced the following year and are still in production by FLOS today.
Later in the new millennium, Marcel Wanders designed Zeppelin and Chrysalis, both of which utilize the “cocoon” and are considered offspring of this collaboration.